China again suggests peace, denuclearization talks on N.Korea
China indicates flexibility, including openness to South Korea's five-party talks suggestion
Ha-young Choi March 9th, 2016
China reiterated its call for parallel denuclearization and peace treaty talks for the Korean Peninsula on Tuesday, and indicated it may accept South Korea’s suggestion for five-party talks.
With China’s National People’s Congress, their largest political event, underway the spokesperson for the event argued the necessity to begin “peace talks” to attract Pyongyang to the negotiation table in addition to the Six-Party Talks.
“The UN Security Council’s new resolution includes the resumption of the Six-Party Talks and commitments to the September 19 Joint Statement,” spokesperson Fu Ying said during a press conference.
“Other parties have also suggested some ideas, including flexible contacts in a three-party, four-party or even five-party format. We are open to any and all initiatives,” the minister answered.
Pyongyang has called for peace talks with the U.S. since the 1960s to formally end the Korean War, which ended in an armistice rather than a peace treaty. The term “peace treaty” is becoming more frequent in state media since the country’s nuclear test and satellite launch, according to KCNA Watch data.
Image: KCNA Watch
The Obama administration suggested starting peace negotiations with North Korea a few days before the fourth nuclear test, the Wall Street Journal reported last month. The North refused when the U.S. insisted nuclear weapons be part of negotiations.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi mentioned simultaneous denuclearization and peace treaty talks on February 23. However, China had kept a firm position on the Six-Party Talks, not considering South Korean President Park Geun-hye’s suggestion in January of five-party talks, in which the other members of the Six-Party Talks discuss the North Korean nuclear issue without the North’s participation.
“China is implying that its negotiations with the U.S., to implement peace talks and denuclearization side by side, have been completed,” Park Sun-won, who worked on the September 19 Joint Statement of 2005 as a member of President Roh Moo-hyun’s national security strategy, told NK News.
“Beijing is persuading Pyongyang to come to the table, and saying it will launch five-party talks if North Korea cannot join right now,” Park said.
But Sung Kim, the U.S. representative for the Six-Party Talks, said during a Wednesday interview with the Yonhap News Agency that Washington will prioritize the denuclearization of North Korea before starting peace talks.
Even though Beijing agreed to the UN Security Council’s sanctions against Pyongyang, as proposed by Washington on February 25, the Chinese foreign minister said there were limits to the approach of solely depending on sanctions.
“Blind faith in sanctions and pressure, actually, is not a responsible approach for the future of the Korean Peninsula,” he told journalists in remarks carried by Reuters.
Wang emphasized China’s responsibility and capacity to implement the UN resolution.
China unveiled its National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and didn’t include North Korea as an economic cooperation partner to develop transportation infrastructure, Yonhap reported on Monday.
Lee Chang-ju, Ph.D candidate of Fudan University in Shanghai, said on his blog that any break in cooperation between China and North Korea would likely be only temporary.
상하이 푸단대에 있는 이창주 박사수료는 그의 블로그에 중국과 북한 사이 협력에 있어 갈등은 일시적으로 발생할 수 있는 것이라 밝혔다.
“If China ceases economic cooperation with North Korea for a while, it will try to increase cooperation with Russia. Later, when the situation improves, (China) will resume cooperation with North Korea,” Lee wrote.
"만약 중국이 북한과의 경제협력을 일정 기간 중지한다면, 중국은 러시아와 협력을 증가시킬 것이다. 그리고 상황이 호전되면 중국은 다시 북한과 경제 협력을 진행할 것이다"라고 밝혔다.
Featured Image: Chinese Foreign Ministry
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Ha-young Choi is an NK News correspondent based in Seoul. She studied Korean history, mainly focusing on modern Korean history at Korea University. Follow her on twitter @Hy_Choi0826
NK 뉴스 최하영 특파원님께 다시 한번 감사드립니다.
제 블로그를 인용하신 부분을 조금 보충설명하자면
저 워드 그대로의 의미도 있고
본래 의도는 차항출해(타국의 항만을 빌려 해양으로 나가는 전략) 부분에 대한 언급이 있었습니다.
중국이 북러 연결로 동해에 진출할 수 없는 상황인데
북한의 나진항으로 진출할 수 없으니
러시아 극동항만 블라디보스토크, 자루비노, 세포이트 등을 통해 동해 진출이 가능하다는 것이었구요.
어느 정도 국제 여론이 평화적 해결 방안으로 흐르게 되면
중국이 언제든 다시 북중 경협의 길을 열 것이라는 점을 강조한 것입니다.
그 내용이 그 내용일 수도 있지만 그래도 보시는 분들의 이해를 위해 몇 자 더 설명드려봤습니다.
NK 뉴스에서 제 인터뷰를 통해 단둥 관광지, 대북제재 관한 기사들도 많이 써주셨는데
그동안 블로그에 올리지 못했습니다.
조금씩 정리해서 올리도록하겠습니다.